GRMD0401 Understanding Ecotourism and Sustainable Tourism

Course GRMD0401
Understanding Ecotourism and Sustainable Tourism







Class Date 15, 16, 17, 19, 22 and 23 July 2019
(24 and 25 July 2019 are reserved for make-up class in case there is any cancellation of classes due to bad weather or other unexpected factors.)
Class Time 1:00pm – 3:30pm
Class Location 15, 16, 17, 22 and 23 July
AIT 212 | CUHK Map
(An Integrated Teaching Building – AIT)

19 July – Local Field Trip,
1:00pm 5:00pm 
(Details to be announced)

25 July – Examination 

AIT 212 | CUHK Map
(An Integrated Teaching Building – AIT)

Teacher Prof. CHAN Chung Shing
Research Assistant Professor
Department of Geography Resource Management
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Medium of Instruction Cantonese
Course Description This course will introduce ecotourism and sustainable tourism which are both important components of the tourism development nowadays, and is becoming relevant to most societies. It will develop and focus on a natural resource-based perspective incorporating resource and environmental management principles.


The first part of the course will cover the general introductory concepts and provide students with theoretical and historical background of the discipline. This will be followed by in-depth study of specific environmental settings and resource issues that will complement our understanding of ecotourism. Hong Kong is the main focus of discussion through examples or cases around the world are also provided throughout the course. Critical issues in ecotourism such as its multi-dimensional impacts, governance, planning, and resource and visitor management will also be covered. Lastly, students will be exposed to the relations of the phenomenon of ecotourism and the concept of sustainable tourism.






Introduction and theoretical background

  • Ecotourism and sustainable tourism: An introduction

Demand and supply of ecotourism

  • Who are the ecotouorists? Where are ecotourism environments?
  • Ecotourism in Hong Kong: Potential and limitations

Ecotourism planning and management

  • Impacts of ecotourism and the need for tourism planning and management
  • Conclusion: Ecotourism and sustainable tourism
Learning Outcomes This course will provide a broad intellectual perspective for students and enable them to develop a holistic understanding of environmental and resource management issues related to ecotourism and its connection with sustainability. Students will acquire basic knowledge of ecotourism development and its potential and can be capable of making judgement in response to critical issues on conservation and natural resource management.


Specifically, after successfully completing this course, students will be able to:

  • Understand the basic concepts of ecotourism and its relation with the overall tourism development and sustainability;
  • Acquire knowledge in operating and managing ecotourism activities; and
  • Develop an understanding and the skills and approaches necessary for interpreting natural and man-made resources for (eco)tourism

Learning activities:

  • Lecture series: This part provides the basic concepts, knowledge and theoretical basis for the analysis of specific issues and case studies
  • Local field trip: This part exposes students to have first-hand experience in exploring the potential, or managing and operating ecotourism activities in different environmental settings. One local site will be selected for half-day field trip, which will be arranged in one of the normal lecture time.
  • Video sessions with class discussions: Students will watch selected videos and learn to identify critical issues and interpret real situations.
  • Final exam: These exercises test the understanding of students in major concepts and knowledge of ecotourism acquired from lectures, field trips and/or reference materials.
  • The course will be supported by BlackBoard, which is a platform for discussions, exchanges and sharing of information that is relevant to the teaching and learning process.

The medium of instruction in Cantonese; most of the course materials and all assignments are in English.

Recommended Reading(s) / Reference(s) References for individual lectures

Lecture 1

  • Honey. M. (2008). Ecotourism and sustainable development: Who owns paradise? Washington, D.C.: Island Press. (pp.6-13)
  • Wearing, S., & Neil, J. (2009). Ecotourism: Impacts, potentials and possibilities? Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. (Ch. 2)

Lecture 2

  • Fennell, D. A. (2014). Ecotourism. Florence, KY, UAS: Routledge. (Ch. 2)
  • Wight, P. A. (2001). Ecotourists: Not a homogeneous market segments. In D. B. Weaver (Ed.), The encylopedia of ecotourism (pp.37-62). Wallingford, US; New York: CABI Pub.

Lecture 3

  • Cheung, L. T. O., & Jin, C. Y. (2013). Ecotourism service preference and management in Hong Kong. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 20(2), 182-194.
  • Jim, C. Y. (2000). Environmental changes associated with mass urban tourism and nature tourism development in Hong Kong. The Environmentalist, 20, 233-247.

Lecture 4

  • Weaver, D. B. (2008). Milton, Old.: John Wiley & Sons Australia. (Ch. 4 and 5)
  • Hall, C. M. (2008). Tourism planning: Policies, processes and relationships. Harlow, England: Pearson/Prentice Hall. (Ch. 1)

Lecture 5

  • World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). (2008). Climate change and tourism – Responding to global challenges.

(Additional references will be provided when necessary.)

Course Assessment One local field trip – one group field trip (40%)
Final exam – multiple-choice questions and short questions
(exam on 25 July 2019) (60%)